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Lower Nubia And First Intermediate Period Egypt (2160–2055bc)

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Chapter Summary

The political disunity of First Intermediate Period Egypt is described traditionally as chaos, yet the changes occurring in the centre-province relationship and the social, economic and cultural patterns of the countryside may, with some exaggeration, also be described in the terms of a &t;social revolution&t;. The c. one hundred years of the First Intermediate Period witnessed prolonged struggles between the provincial magnates and the formation of two competing kingdoms with the capitals Herakleopolis and Thebes. The c. one century of the First Intermediate Period corresponds roughly with the earlier half of Phase Ib of the Nubian C-Group. In the advanced First Intermediate period there occurred conflicts between Thebes and the C-Group chiefdom. The acquisition of gold, hardstones and other materials from Lower Nubia and of exotic wares from the south became once more vitally important for a court that was to rule a vast centralized kingdom.

Keywords: First Intermediate Period Egypt; Lower Nubia; Nubian C-Group



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