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The Neighbour Of Ptolemaic Egypt (C. 332–30bc)

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Chapter Summary

The impact of early diplomatic contacts with Ptolemaic Egypt is demonstrated by the, however fragmentarily preserved, evidence concerning King GAt&t;ısn of Kush. The sympathetic presentation of an Aithiopian ruler to the Egyptian public meant to put the contacts of the Ptolemaic court with Kush in a positive context that markedly differed from the traditional image of Egypts vile neighbour, wretched Kush. The conquest of Lower Nubia is commemorated by the list of the Lower and Upper Nubian nomes bringing tribute to Isis inscribed after c. 275274BC in the temple of the goddess at Philae. The territorial expansion and social/governmental restructuring of the early Meroitic kingdom brought about the emergence of mighty local elite families. While being successfully integrated into the centralized power machinery, the new elite families modified the governmental and societal structure and formed a new social class between the royal clan and the professional administrative/priestly middle class.

Keywords: Kush; Lower Nubia; Nubian elite; Ptolemaic Egypt



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