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Sunnah And Related Concepts

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Chapter Summary

In his Introduction to Islamic Law, J. Schacht expressed himself as follows with regard to the term &t;sunnah of the Prophet&t;: &t;Sunnah in its Islamic context originally had a political rather than a legal connotation; it referred to the policy and administration of the caliph.&t; Sīrah is an exact semantic parallel to the Western term procedure. In agreement with the original Arab conception, a practice designated by the term sunnah comes into existence by the will of a definite individual who may be called the originator of the respective practice or norm. In any event, it should be recognized that the use of faḍl aI-māl, &t;the surplus of property&t;, for the acquisition of equipment for the warlike enterprises of the Islamic community constitutes an authentic instance of the &t;sunnah of the Prophet&t;.

Keywords: Islamic community; Prophet; Sīrah; sunnah; surplus of property



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