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Chapter Four - The Ancient Arab Background Of The Qur'ānic Concept Al-Ğizyatu 'an Yadin

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Chapter Summary

Early Islamic tradition expressly states that the ğizyah is to be paid for the sparing of the lives of the vanquished enemies. The author notes that there are certain hints in ancient Arabic literature that the foreigner under protection of Islam-that is, the Christian or Jew or member of any other privileged group-was marked by the missing forelock which had been cut off; that means, that he was distinguished by that mark which in early Arab times goes with the obligation of the prisoner of war to pay &t;reward&t; for having been freed and not having been killed. In connection herewith, ‘an yadin in the Qur’ānic passage and ‘an yadin in the other category of passages are from the formal-phraseological point of view of a quite different nature.

Keywords: al- ğizyah ‘an yadin; ancient Arabic literature; early Islamic tradition; Qur’ānic passage

10.1163/ej.9789004172005.i-340.24
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004172005.i-340.24
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