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Chapter Seven - Allāh's Liberty To Punish Or To Forgive

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Chapter Summary

According to Qur'anic conception, God may punish the sinners or forgive them, as he prefers to do in any single case. This chapter draws attention to the fact that this idea, that is: the powerful personality's choice to punish or to forgive, is found in preIslamic literature, and is conceded to the earthly, human ruler in the same manner as in the Qur'an it is conceded to Allah. The primitive, early Arab idea, according to which the earthly, human ruler is granted the choice to punish or to forgive, has also found expression in traditions from the Islamic era. Moreover, the idea, in its primary (secular, pre-Islamic) application to a human being of power, is reflected also in the statement ascribed to ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭalib.

Keywords: Allāh; God; human ruler; Qur'anic conception



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