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"The Surplus Of Property": An Early Arab Social Concept

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Chapter Summary

The idea expressed in Koranic passages is that an individual member of a society or of some groups which form part of it shall give to society what Ᾱdam can spare-consequently, is exempt from any contribution, or any charitable gift, under certain circumstances. One can prove that the idea of this type of social behavior which find in the Koran and in the Islamic traditions is an echo of a custom which existed in old Arab everyday life. The anthropomorphic concept of &t;God's 'surplus' &t;, a motif which demonstrates the overwhelming importance of the idea of &t;the surplus of property&t; in early Arab society, is moreover contained in the passage in this chapter. An interesting variation of the concept of &t;surplus of property&t; the author recognizes in the concept of &t;surplus of taxes.&t;.

Keywords: early Arab society; Islamic traditions; Koran; surplus of property; surplus of taxes



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