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The English And Nuku: Guns And Spices

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Chapter Summary

The English interest in Maluku during the second half of the eighteenth century was indissolubly connected with the growing need of South-East Asian products as an alternative form of payment in Canton. The English also endeavoured to promote the Bengkulu factory in West Sumatra by enticing indigenous traders to bring products such as cloves and nutmegs from Maluku. On 27 June 1791, John McCluer commenced a survey of the northern part of the coast of New Guinea. In February 1793, Captain John Hayes of the Royal Navy led an expedition to obtain spices in the eastern regions of Maluku. When the British Governor-General decided to supply Prince Nuku with guns and ammunition in 1796, he did so because of the help which the English had received in 1783. At this point, Prince Nuku had managed to build very strong good will with the English.

Keywords: Bengkulu; English country traders; guns; John Hayes; John McCluer; Maluku; Prince Nuku; spices



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