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The Gujarat Economy: Potentiality And Performance

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Chapter Summary

This chapter analyses the scattered evidence for EuroAsian demand and the degree to which producers and manufacturers expanded production to accommodate the large-scale demand for their products in order to see whether the region experienced economic growth in the so-called age of economic decline. Once the Marathas established their control over Gujarat after their occupation of Ahmadabad and its mahals in the early 1750s, a phase of economic recovery seems to have followed. A large part of Gujarats agricultural economy was highly commercialized from the sixteenth century onward. The region produced a variety of produce ranging from ordinary grain to superior cash crops. The evidence for a vibrant economy in Gujarat in the second half of the eighteenth century challenges the traditional duality of a seventeenth-century commercial boom and an eighteenth-century decline often found in writings on Indian economic history.

Keywords: Ahmadabad; economic recovery; Gujarat economy; Marathas



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