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Περὶ Διαιρέσεως Οὐρανοῦ, Εἰς Πύόους Κύκλους Διαιρεῖται

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Chapter Summary

The term Πόσος indicates a question in the category of quantity, cf. whether there is one cosmos or infinite kosmoi as dealt with in ¶ 1. P records two doxai. The text is somewhat disturbed in the various mss. of P, but can be taken as reliable as printed in Mau. G retains both doxai, abbreviating only the former. The text recorded by S is virtually identical to that found in P. The first doxa gives a longish description of the five cosmic zones and their relation to the axial tilt. The attribution to Thales, Pythagoras and his successors means that both the Ionic and the Italian line of philosophers are represented. The second doxa picks up the mention of the zodiacal tilt and makes an additional comment about Pythagoras as its πρῶτος εὐρέτης and the alleged plagiarism of the early fifth-century astronomer Oenipides of Chios.

Keywords: Πόσος; πρῶτος εὐρέτης; cosmos; doxai

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