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Περὶ Σχημάτων Ἀστέρων

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses Ps.Plutarch (P), all discussing various subjects related to them. The first concerns their shape, relating to the category of quality. Ps.Galen (G) follows P rather faithfully in the chapter, except that he omits the title. Stobaeus (S) absorbs three of P's four doxai in the massive exercise of coalescence. It is easy to see that the two pairs of doxai represent two type Aëtius (A) diaereses, i.e. views that are meant to be contrasted with each other. In the former the contrast involves two different kinds of shapes. In the latter the difference involves three and two dimensions. The difference between the two contrasting pairs can be neatly linked to the question raised by both Seneca and Lactantius in their set of quaestiones or ϑέσεις on the celestial realm, namely whether the stars were positioned below the outer sphere or fixed in it.

Keywords: Aëtius; Ps.Galen (G); Ps.Plutarch (P); Stobaeus (S)



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