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Law, Politics And Religion: In Search Of Criteria For Understanging Modernity

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses on an example which has been at stake for a long time in discussions on New Religious Movements, and places emphasis on the German Constitution and the U.S. Human Rights Report. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany provides for religious freedom. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany provides for religious freedom. The chapter addresses a set of criteria developed by the psychiatrist Robert J. Lifton in his book, Thought Reform and the Psychology of Totalism: A Study of 'Brainwashing' in China. This set of criteria consists of eight psychological themes predominant within the social field of the thought reform milieu. Lifton refers to it as 'ideological totalism'. Modern Gnosis in Eric Voegelin's meaning of the word is able to abuse the demands for religious freedom.

Keywords: Eric Voegelin; German Constitution; modern Gnosis; religious freedom; Robert J. Lifton; totalism; U.S. Human Rights Report



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