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Politics And Religion In The Philosophy Of The Enlightenment II: Kant

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Chapter Summary

In the history of German political thought in the 19th and 20th centuries, no philosophers were so influential as Kant and Hegel. This chapter presents Kant's opinion about the relationship between politics and religion in the writing An Answer to the Question: "What is Enlightenment?" an often quoted work of Kant. It discusses extensively his Critiques and his Religion within the limits of Reason alone and finally his political philosophy. Enlightenment with the terms secularisation, emancipation, and modernity. This not only applies to any favourable looking upon Enlightenment, secularisation, emancipation, and modernity but also to a critical view on these subjects. The chapter summarises the relationship between belief and reason, theology and religion, civitas (state, political commonwealth, civil society) and church (ecclesiastical society) as well as the freedom of religion and tolerance.

Keywords: civitas; emancipation; Enlightenment II; Hegel; Kant; modernity; secularisation



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