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Taking Pluralism Seriously: The Us And The Eu As Multicultural Democracies? By And

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Chapter Summary

The Human Development Report 2004, published for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) reaffirms the basic notions of consociation and multiculturalism. Democracies must take societal conditions into account and accommodate existing ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic pluralism. This chapter examines the theoretical concept of 'multicultural democracy', as presented in the Human Development Report 2004. It illustrates the realization of the model in the Netherlands, which can be considered - at least it could be considered until recently - a near-perfect multicultural democracy in practice. The chapter looks at the extent in which the concept applies to the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), respectively. The notion of multicultural democracy, as developed in the UNDP report, stems from the same academic tradition as the concept of consociational democracy as defined by Lijphart.

Keywords: consociation; European Union (EU); Human Development Report 2004; Lijphart; multicultural democracy; Netherlands; pluralism; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); United States (US)



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