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From Qəltu To Gələt: Diachronic Notes On Linguistic Adaptation In Muslim Baghdad Arabic

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Chapter Summary

The dialect of the Muslims (MB) belongs to the so-called gǝlǝt group of Mesopotamian Arabic, whereas the dialects of the Jews (JB) and the Christians (CB) belong to the qǝltu group. This chapter examines the historical interaction of qǝltu and gǝlǝt dialects that has resulted in the present-day Muslim dialect of Baghdad. It uses a number of typologically prominent linguistic features in MB representing, on the one hand, the urban dialect type related to JB and CB, and on the other, the rural type related to Bedouin dialects spoken in southern Iraq and its neighbourhood. In the dialects of Arabic, the affrication of k is not only a Bedouin trait but also well known from some rural sedentary dialects spoken, e.g., in Bahrain, Soukhne and Central Palestinian villages.

Keywords: Bahrain; Bedouin dialects; Christians (CB); Jews (JB); Muslim Baghdad Arabic; Muslims (MB)

10.1163/ej.9789004172128.i-298.12
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004172128.i-298.12
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