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The Dialect Of The Euphrates Bedouin, A Fringe Mesopotamian Dialect

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the broad features of the dialect which show an affinity to southern Iraq. The three dialect sub types will be distinguished as ASh (Ahl al- Shimāl), R (Rufaiʿ) and Ḥ (Ḥumaid). Certain morphological features occur in the data which link the dialects to the North Najdi or Shammari type. Features which are not specifically North Najdi, but generally Najdi or Arabian are easier to find. Possibly the most salient is the presence of the in ending reminiscent of Classical tanwīn. The Euphrates Bedouin are not mentioned widely in the ethnographic literature as a group and, as far as the author knows, are only mentioned in the linguistic literature in Ingham (1982 and 1986). The tribes usually referred to under this heading are the Ḥumaid, Rufaiʿ, Sāʿdah and Buʿaij.

Keywords: Ḥumaid; Ahl al- Shimāl; Arabian; Buʿaij; Euphrates Bedouin; North Najdi; Rufaiʿ; Sāʿdah; southern Iraq



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