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Origins Of Peacekeeping

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Chapter Summary

An embryonic rise of the idea of peacekeeping in the modern age can be seen in the response to the report that cruelties had been committed upon Armenians in Turkey in August 1894, contrary to Turkish obligations under a treaty concluded at Berlin in 1878. This chapter shows, how the League Council acted under Article 11 and how the idea of peacekeeping emerged through its practice. After the General Convention was aborted, efforts to develop peacekeeping measures under Article 11 of the Covenant were given less and less attention. It could be retrospectively speculated that a swift despatch of a commission of enquiry or the adoption of a forceful peacekeeping measure would have been more effective in preventing hostilities from escalating. The development of peacekeeping measures played a fundamental role in the insertion of Article 40 into the Charter.

Keywords: Article 11; Article 40; League Council; peacekeeping measures; UN Charter



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