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Economic Crisis And State-Building In Hadhramaut, 1941–1949: The Impact Of The Decline Of Southeast Asian Remittances

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Chapter Summary

According to one historian, (f )ew historical events in the history of Southeast Asia appear so definitive as the Japanese invasion in December 1941. This chapter shows that World War II had likewise a watershed character for Hadhramaut. To put this case study into a broader context, the theoretical apparatus of the sociologist Anthony Giddens is used. Giddens lists three types of society: tribal, class-divided, and capitalist. Migration from Hadhramaut to Southeast Asia and the flow of remittances in the reverse direction formed time-space edges, and gave rise to an inter-societal system connecting these different societies with each other. The temporary interruption of remittances from Southeast Asia during World War II, and their long-term decline due to foreign exchange and rent control on the part of the emerging Southeast Asian nationstates resulted in economic crisis and famines in Hadhramaut.

Keywords: Anthony Giddens; economic crisis; famines; Hadhramaut; Southeast Asian remittances; World War II



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