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Al-Manār And The Hadhrami Elite In The Malay-Indonesian World: Challenge And Response

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Chapter Summary

This chapter attempts to examine the intellectual influence of al-Manār among the Hadhrami elite in the Malay-Indonesian world, and assess its role as the mouthpiece for the propagation of ‘Abduh's doctrines and the accomplishment of his reforms. It addresses the mission of al-Manār as a reformist journal that worked towards the promotion of social, religious and economic reforms in the Muslim world. The chapter examines the religio-cultural background of the Hadhrami elite who were influenced by the reformist mission of al-Manār and subscribed to its ultimate goal. It highlights the impact of al-Manār on the religio-political and social structure of the Hadhrami diaspora in the Malay-Indonesian world. The chapter discusses how this impact resulted in the establishment of revivalist movement that rejected the conservative attitude of blind imitation of the four schools of Islamic law, and denounced the Sufi practises that were not in harmony with the fundamentals of Islam.

Keywords: Abduh's doctrines; al-Manār; Hadhrami elite; Malay-Indonesian world; reformist mission



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