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Extraterritorial Border Controls In The Eu: The Role Of Frontex In Operations At Sea

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Chapter Summary

This paper assesses Frontex's sea operations and considers the legal and jurisdictional aspects of maritime border control as operated by this Agency. Establishing proper public and legal accountability with respect to Frontex is of critical importance given that there is profound concern on the human rights impact of its operations which are conducted at sea. The next section details some of the most prominent Frontex-led sea operations before considering the legal and jurisdictional issues that arise from them. A working agreement between Frontex and UNHCR was signed in June 2008 and is intended to integrate human rights into the training curriculum of border guards with the aim to make the EU border control management system fully compliant with human rights standards. Finally, the Code states that when performing their duties, border guards must fully respect human dignity and their measures should be subject to the principle of proportionality (Article 6(1)).

Keywords: Frontex's sea operation; human rights; maritime border control; sea; UNHCR



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