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Diversity In Unity? The Masonic Traditions In Use In The Dutch Federation Of ‘Le Droit Humain’

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Chapter Summary

The International Order of mixed freemasonry ?Le Droit Humain? (IO LDH) was founded in 1893 in France and still has its headquarters there. Freemasonry in the Dutch federation developed in a rather different way than in France and Belgium. The first tradition used in The Netherlands?and from 1904 to 1915 the only one?was the ?English?, theosophical inspired, one. The development of the French ritual tradition of the Dutch federation had its roots in the history of French masculine freemasonry. This chapter describes the nature of the relations between the groups of members, working in the three masonic traditions, practised in the Dutch Federation. The French tradition?the other outsider?could be seen from an international point of view as an insider, though it is not seen and accepted as such in the national arena.

Keywords: Belgium; Dutch Federation; France; French ritual tradition; Le Droit Humain (IO LDH; masonic traditions; mixed freemasonry; Netherlands

10.1163/ej.9789004172395.i-442.104
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