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The Relationships Of Androgynous Secret Orders With Freemasonry. Documents On Theordre Des Hermites De Bonne Humeur In Sachsen-Gotha (1739-1758)

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Chapter Summary

In order to examine the relationship between the exclusively male Freemasonry and androgynous secret orders at the beginning of the 18th century, from freemasons this chapter begins by looking at two contemporary statements which lead us to the heart of the problem. Firstly a quotation taken from the Constitutions, published in 1723 by James Anderson. The second remark is to be found in the famous Discours (December 1736) by Andrew Michael Ramsay. Given the altogether very sparse amount of sources pertaining to these Orders, the comparatively comprehensive records in Gotha are of extreme interest. The structure of the Ordre des Hermites de bonne humeur is grosso modo in accordance with an Order structure, as retrospectively defined at the beginning of the 18th century under the catchword ?Order? in Johann Heinrich Zedler?s Universal-Lexicon.

Keywords: Andrew Michael Ramsay; androgynous secret orders; Freemasonry; Gotha; James Anderson



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