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Andrés Piquer And The Neo-Hippocratic Teaching Of Medicine In Eighteenth Century Spain

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Chapter Summary

Eighteenth century Spain witnessed a revaluation of the Hippocratic works as a result of the growing criticism of the Galenism dominant in the Spanish University of the time. Probably the most important author in this reformist trend was Andrés Piquer y Arrufat, eclectic philosopher and doctor to the Kings Fernando VI and Carlos III. His desire to transform medical university instruction following Hippocrates' rules led him to make some of the first Hippocratic treatises from ancient Greek to Spanish, for the first time. Among these treatises, the translation and commentary of Epidemics 1 and 3, and partially of Epidemics 2, are noteworthy. This medical and philological work relates not only to Hippocrates but also to the medical concepts of Thomas Sydenham, the English Hippocrates. The Clinical Histories and descriptions of katastasies in his Observationes medicae exerted a great influence not only on A. Piquer but also on many Spanish doctors.

Keywords: Andrés Piquer; Eighteenth century Spain; Epidemics; Hippocratic works; medical



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