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The Structures Of Academic Power

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Chapter Summary

The histories of the Studio pisano and the Studio senese in the late sixteenth century have been characterised as the clash between the government, in the person of the grand duke, which strove to harmonise every particularism into the centralised concept of the absolute state, and a peripheral institution which defended until death the relics of its freedoms and its privileges. In fact, a systematic analysis of the three main structures of academic power (the administrators and the grand dukes, the students, and the professors) reveals a very different picture. The one common factor in the administrations of the Studio Pisano and the Studio senese was the grand duke. It is useful to compare as far as possible the parts played at Pisa and Siena by Cosimo, Francesco, and Ferdinando in the appointment of professors, the organisation of teaching, and the management of the colleges of doctors and the student-university.

Keywords: academic power; Cosimo; Ferdinando; Francesco; grand dukes



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