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Tensions Within The Structures Of Academic Power

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Chapter Summary

Under the grand dukes, power at the Studio Pisano and the Studio senese was distributed between the three main structures: the administrators; the students; and the professors. Unsurprisingly this led to numerous tensions, particularly over issues such as appointments, salaries, teaching, examinations, status, Protestantism, and protectionism. As disputes arose, the administrators would sometimes side with the students whilst at other times they would favour the professors. Occasionally the administrators disagreed with each other, as the students and professors could also be divided amongst themselves. Salaries were higher at the Studio Pisano than the Studio senese and there was generally little dissent on this issue from professors at Pisa. Some of the bitterest divisions within and between the structures of academic power at Pisa and Siena regarded examinations, particularly the role of the rector.

Keywords: academic power; grand dukes; Pisa; Protestantism; Siena

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