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Chapter Summary

The grand dukes introduced important innovations regarding the Studio pisano and the Studio senese. Perhaps the most significant of these innovations was the granting of criminal jurisdiction to the rector of the student-university at Pisa and the establishment of the concorsi system for the appointment of professors at Siena. Whilst the rector's criminal jurisdiction survived into the nineteenth century, the concorsi were first subverted and finally suppressed in 1609. Nevertheless, both these changes represented clear breaks with the traditions not only of the Studio Pisano and the Studio senese but also of all the other Italian universities. As with their diplomatic, military, administrative, economic, ecclesiastical, and cultural policies, they show us that the grand dukes were both traditional and radical. Moreover, rather than bolster 'absolutism', their radicalism could increase local privileges.

Keywords: criminal jurisdiction; grand dukes; Siena; Studio pisano; Studio senese



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