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The Islamic Institution Of Marriage

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Chapter Summary

The Islamic marriage institution as it stands today came about with the advent of the establishment of Islam. Major reforms were introduced establishing rights for women which did not exist in pagan times. The muta or temporary marriage, which was known under paganism and remained in the early days of Islam, despite the fact that it was firmly prohibited by the Prophet six times on six occasions, has given rise to a difference of opinion between the Sunni and Shiʾah schools. The Sunnis prohibit this form of marriage under their ruling that the marriage contract must not include or imply a time limit, believing that the aim of marriage is the establishment of a lawful and permanent partnership, the founding of a family, and the caring for and upbringing of children.

Keywords: Islamic marriage institution; Shiʾah; Sunni



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