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The Dower

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Chapter Summary

The dower is a specific sum of money or other property which it has been agreed between the parties shall be payable by the man to the woman simply as an effect of their marriage. The Sunnis and the Shiʾahs are in agreement that the dower can consist of anything that has a monetary value, is useful, and is ritually clean. Jordanian and Kuwaiti laws, under Articles 54 and 55/b respectively, lay down that the dower may be specified in the contract, whereupon it becomes binding on the husband, provided that the contract is valid, and subject to reservations by those who require a minimal value to the dower. There are two situations under which the Sunnis unanimously agree that the wife becomes entitled to the whole dower; the actual consummation of marriage, or the death of either spouse before consummation.

Keywords: consummation; dower; Jordanian law; Kuwaiti law; Shiʾahs; Sunnis



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