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The Branches Of Islam And The Schools Of Law

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Chapter Summary

This chapter briefly describes the two main branches of the faith, the Sunni and the Shiʾah, and their different schools of law. Shiʾah form the principal minority sect of Islam, and are mainly influential in Iran, Iraq and the Indian subcontinent. The Shiʾah is composed of the followers of Ali, repudiating the authority of the Sunni jamaShiʾaha and recognizing only the decisions given by its own spiritual leaders. It has its own system of law and theology, and emphasizes, more than the main Sunni branch, traditionalism and the political role of Islam.

Keywords: faith; Islam; schools of law; Shiʾah; Sunni



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