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How We Know The Exact Year The Archegos Left Baghdad

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Chapter Summary

An-Nadim informs us that the Manichaean Archegos left Baghdad in the reign of the Caliph al-Muqtadir. This was from the year 908 to the year 932, a time window of twenty-four years. It should be noted that Massignon was very well informed on Manichaeism. Al-Hallaj, Massignon's hero, was executed for Manichaeism in the year 922. What Massignon accomplished was to posthumously argue as a lawyer in a Court of Appeals for al-Hallaj and to acquit him of the accusations and judgment of the original trial in Baghdad. Along with the ʿIraq and Khorasani connections, the ʿAbbasids came up with another ally: the Barmakid family.

Keywords: Archegos; Baghdad; Barmakid; Manichaeism; Massignon



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