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The Unity Of God

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Chapter Summary

Monotheism, as a word, was coined in early modernity. It was meant to indicate religions, theologies or religious philosophies that apprehend God as "the one and only One for all." An examination of "the limits of Western monotheism" is inextricably intertwined with an understanding of the adventures of the idea of "oneness," or unity, in modernity. This chapter considers some of these conceptions, starting with Aquinas's pre-modern metaphysical reflections on unity as transcendental idea. It indicates some aspects of the modern concept of unity, and its consequence: the impossibility to affirm a primeval metaphysical unity within the context of contemporary culture, permeated as it is by technoscience. In that sense the post-modern "end of all unity-stories" seems to be the necessary outcome of the modern unity-story itself. The chapter proposes an alternative, in the sense of an "open unitystory" and a "reformed, inclusive monotheism," as developed by Alfred North Whitehead.

Keywords: God; modern unity; religious philosophies; Western monotheism



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