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Adam And Christ

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Chapter Summary

The rewritten story of Adam's creation, based on Gen 1-3, forms a central piece of Ophite mythology. This chapter is divided into four parts. In the first part, it takes a brief look at 1 Cor 15 (where Christ is the second, heavenly Adam) and its Hellenistic Jewish background as a possible context of the Ophite speculations about Adam. In the second part, the chapter examines the Classic Gnostic mythologoumenon of Adam's creation and animation. In the case of the Ophite texts, there are clear parallels to Philo's exegesis of Gen 1-3 as well as to 1 Cor 15, while most of Schenke's Sethian texts are virtually silent about the earthly Adam's creation. In the third part, the speculations about heavenly men are examined. In the conclusion to the chapter, the background of the Ophite mythologoumenon (including its links to 1 Cor) are discussed.

Keywords: Adam; Christ; Gnosticism; Hellenistic Jewish traditions; Ophite mythology



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