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Chapter Summary

This epilogues presents some concluding remarks by the author of this book Paradise Reconsidered in Gnostic Mythmaking Rethinking Sethianism in Light of the Ophite Evidence. This study started out as a corrective for Schenkes theory of Sethian Gnosticism which has been dominant in the field of Gnostic studies during the past 30 years. It has sketched a typological model of the Ophite mythology based on four central features, and the Ophite diagram. The main Ophite features, that are based on a reversed paradise exegesis of Gen 13, are: (1) eating from the tree of knowledge is considered positive (2) the seven archons with specific names appear; (3) prominent and salvific Sophia/Eve-figures appear and make up the female aspect of the true Godhead; and (4) important heavenly Man/Adam-figures appear and make up the male aspect of the true Godhead.

Keywords: Gnostic mythmaking; Ophite mythology; Schenkes theory; Sethian Gnosticism



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