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Critical Remarks On Medical Authorities: Maimonides' Commentary On Hippocrates' Aphorisms

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Chapter Summary

Maimonides is certainly less well-known as a physician than as a philosopher or as a theologian. This chapter considers some of the aphorisms for which Maimonides offers critical comments, aimed at Hippocrates and/or at Galen's comments. Maimonides was only one among the many authors who voiced critical comments on Hippocrates' Aphorisms. It should be made clear that the commentary of Maimonides is, as a matter of fact, a super-commentary of Galen's work, as were most of other post-Galenic commentaries, including the one written by Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Maimonides' contemporary. Maimonides' Commentary on Hippocrates' Aphorisms was primarily a supercommentary on Galen's commentary, which was available to him in its Arabic garb. Maimonides' statement was however aimed at Galen's writings on philosophy, on logic, and on theology, rather than on his medical works.

Keywords: Arabic garb; Galen's commentary; Hippocrates' aphorisms; Maimonides' commentary

10.1163/ej.9789004173330.i-358.5
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