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The Chinese In Late Spanish Colonial Manila: An Overview

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Chapter Summary

This chapter brings us to the other side of the seas, i.e., to Manila, where large numbers of residents, mostly male, from Jinji-ang traveled or emigrated to, mainly either to work as laborers or make a living as merchants. This chapter focuses on the economic and political situation in Manila and the Philippines that would help explain some of the reasons for the large influx of Chinese emigrants into the country in the last few decades of the nineteenth-century. As seen, Manila served as a magnet to many Minnanese, particularly traders and merchants eager to take advantage of the opportunities that accompanied the opening up of Manila's markets to the world economy. Thus, it has seen that the combination of cultural and economic reactions to the presence of the Chinese produced a revival of antiChinese sentiment in the 1880s and 1890s.

Keywords: 1880s; 1890s; antiChinese sentiment; Chinese; Manila; nineteenth-century; Philippines



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