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Canada-U.S. International Ocean Law Relations In The North Pacific: Disputes, Agreements And Cooperation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the disputes and the cooperative ocean relationships and agreements between Canada and the United States that directly involve or arise from issues of international ocean law in the North Pacific. Canada and the United States have had differing perspectives and interests regarding the Law of the Sea Convention. The United States' position is that the ocean boundary in Dixon Entrance should be based upon equidistance which produces a line generally favorable to the United States by moving the ocean boundary south of the A-B Line throughout most of its length. The United States maintains the Southeast Alaska Submarine Noise Measurement Facility (SEAFAC) in the Behm Canal in Alaska. Canada-United States agreements regarding Pacific halibut date back to 1923, with the most recent complete text being the 1979 Protocol to the 1953 Halibut Convention.

Keywords: Canada; Dixon Entrance; Halibut Convention; international ocean law; Law of the Sea Convention; North Pacific; SEAFAC; United States



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