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The Contribution Of The International Tribunal For The Law Of The Sea To International Law

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Chapter Summary

On November 16, 1994, after eight years of protracted and arduous negotiations, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of December 10, 19821 entered into force. The Convention on the Law of the Sea created three important institutions: the International Seabed Authority in Jamaica, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in Hamburg, and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf which meets in New York. The jurisdiction of the Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is not as broad ratione materiae as that of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), being confined to matters provided for in the Convention and related instruments. The creation of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea has, from the very beginning, been subject to a certain degree of criticism as being unnecessary and risking a fragmentation of international law.

Keywords: InternationalCourt of Justice (ICJ); international law; International Tribunal; Law of the Sea; New York; United Nations Convention



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