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The Karun Front

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Chapter Summary

At the end of September 1916 C.J. Edmonds Majesty's Government redefined the mission of the Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force as being "to protect the oil fields and pipe-lines in the vicinity of the Karun river, to maintain the occupation and control of the Basra vilayet, and to deny hostile access to the Persian Gulf and Southern Persia". This chapter briefly summarizes the military situation in Western Persia as it had developed since the entry of Turkey into the war. In pursuance of the directive of 30 September, the strength of the garrison was raised to two battalions of Indian infantry (8th Rajputs and the 97th Deccan), the regiment of cavalry, and two 15-pounder guns, with ancillary wireless, mechanical-transport and medical units; its status was raised to 'The Karun Front' under the command of Brigadier-General L. N. Younghusband, with Headquarters and the main body at Ahvaz.

Keywords: C.J. Edmonds; Karun river; Majesty's Government; Mesopotamia Expeditionary Force; military situation; oil fields; pipe-lines; Western Persia

10.1163/ej.9789004173446.i-380.21
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