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Qazvin And Tabriz

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Chapter Summary

This chapter talks about the experiences of Cecil John Edmonds in the Iranian cities of Qazvin and Tabriz. Although Edmonds's principal preoccupation was with events to the north and the west, it was also necessary to keep an eye on the communications with Hamadan to the south-west and Tehran to the south-east. In the angle between these two roads the most important person was Zafar an-Nizam, who had a long record of resistance to Government, and in January he had refused to obey a summons to Qazvin to answer a number of charges of brigandage and raiding. The democrats of Tabriz were split into four groups. Of these the strongest and best organized was the Tajaddud (Renewal, Modernist) led by Shaykh Muhammad Khiyabani, one of nine members of Parliament recently elected for Azarbayjan.

Keywords: Qazvin; Shaykh Muhammad Khiyabani; Tabriz; Zafar an-Nizam



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