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The Bolshevik Invasion

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Chapter Summary

The revolutionary movements in Persia, especially those in Azarbayjan and Gilan have given rise to a vast literature in Soviet Russia. "To quell the movement which had swept over Persia and Persian Azarbayjan", Colonel Geoffrey Wheeler begins, "the British intensified their subversive activities and they sent their most experienced intelligence officers from Qazvin to Tabriz—Major Edmond Micher and Major Curt". So anxious is the authoress to demonstrate that the ideology of the Taqaddum movement was inspired by the Russian revolutions of October 1917 and February 1918 and that Khiyabani welcomed the Bolshevik invasion that, from her extraordinary account of events at Tabriz at this time, we get the topsy-turvy spectacle of the British, in league with the Critics and the Peoples's Party, combining with the German Consulate to provide the pro-Bolshevik Social Democrats with arms in order to procure Khiyabani's downfall.

Keywords: Bolshevik invasion; Persian Azarbayjan; Qazvin; Russian revolutions; Tabriz; Taqaddum movement



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