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Jacob Of Edessa’s Life And Work: A Biographical Sketch

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Chapter Summary

Jacob, Bishop of Edessa (c.633?708 ce), is one of the most significant figures of Syriac Christianity, especially in the Syrian Orthodox Church of which he was an adherent. Robert Hoyland describes the changes that Jacob surely witnessed, especially with regard to his diocese of Edessa. He suggests that the greatest time of transition for Jacob and his Syrian Christian contemporaries would have been the Second Arab Civil War (683?92 ce), which probably coincided with the short period when Jacob was bishop for the first time. Konrad Jenner investigates the relationship between Jacob?s interest in the Bible and his canonical prescriptions. The Syriac version of Aristotle?s Categories is the only non-religious translation that Jacob worked on, and like much else of his translational activities, it is a revision of an earlier rendering rather than a fresh translation.

Keywords: Jacob of Edessa; Konrad Jenner; Second Arab Civil War; Syriac Christianity



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