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Jacob Of Edessa’s Version Of 1–2 Samuel: Its Method And Text-Critical Value

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Chapter Summary

Jacob of Edessa?s Syriac version of the Books of Samuel and the first part of 1 Kings is one of the textual witnesses used in the apparatus of Brooke?McLean?s edition of the Books of Kingdoms. This chapter describes the nature of Jacob?s version (JSam) of Samuel, which is not at all straightforward. It presents an assessment of its usefulness as a textual witness to the Septuagint of Samuel. According to the colophon at the end of 1 Samuel, Jacob composed his version of the first book of Kingdoms in 704/5 CE. The shortest and best description of the nature of the Samuel version is that just cited, from the nineteenth-century Syriacist William Wright: ?a curious eclectic or patchwork text. In many places where JSam introduces material from the Greek tradition, the reading is common to the major Greek families, Egyptian Hexaplaric, and Lucianic.

Keywords: Greek tradition; Jacob of Edessa ?s version (JSam); nineteenth-century Syriacist William Wright; Samuel version



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