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Jacob Of Edessa On Genesis: His Quotations Of The Peshitta And His Revision Of The Text

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Chapter Summary

Revising a Bible translation is an arduous task, but having one?s modernized version accepted by a religious community is perhaps even more difficult. The revision made in the first decade of the eighth century by the West Syrian polymath Jacob of Edessa has never been able to fully replace the Peshitta. Jacob?s works on Genesis differ in genre, but also in the way they use the biblical text and in the actual form of the text which they quote. This chapter sketches Jacob?s development on these points. An additional advantage of the choice of Genesis is that large parts of the Syro-Hexapla survive. This translation of Origen?s text of the Septuagint was made some ninety years before Jacob made his revision. In the scholarship of the last century, the most debated issue was the question of whether Jacob used this version while making his text.

Keywords: Bible translation; Jacob of Edessa; Peshitta; religious community; Septuagint; Syro-Hexapla



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