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Jacob Of Edessa And The Reception Of Aristotle

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Chapter Summary

The scholar Jacob of Edessa, who has sometimes been compared to Saint Jerome or to Origen for his rigour of exposition, is distinguished for the energy with which he revised Syriac translations of Greek originals, Scripture and patristic texts. Besides these works, devoted particularly to the Old Testament and to Severus of Antioch?s and Gregory of Nazianzus? Homilies, he has left a single translation of a non-religious text, Aristotle?s Categories. Jacob?s translation of the Categories had been preceded by an earlier attempt, which is preserved in a seventh century manuscript. Jacob of Edessa?s version, however, is preserved in several manuscripts and his authorship is well attested in the sources.

Keywords: Aristotle?s Categories; Jacob of Edessa; Old Testament; seventh century manuscript; Syriac translations



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