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The Language(S) Of The Kingdom: From Aramaic To Greek, Galilee To Syria, Oral To Oral-Written

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Chapter Summary

This chapter makes some initial forays into the first move that Jesus movements made, from Galilee into Syrian areas, from Aramaic into Greek, and from the early stages of oral communication in Galilean Aramaic to oral-written composition-and-performance in Koine Greek. Can we learn anything from investigations into a possible but ill-defined Aramaic linguistic and cultural substratum and from comparisons of that substratum with our Greek texts that might shed further light on the development of Gospel traditions into what we now have as written Gospels? The investigation proceeds in four steps: the historical political power-relations that determined the general language situation; the use of languages in Syria and Galilee; the largely oral communication environment; and finally an exploratory probe for Aramaic influence in one of the speeches in Q.

Keywords: Aramaic substratum; Galilee; Koine Greek; oral-written composition



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