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Composition And Performance In Mark 13

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the production of Mark 13 and the manner in which it was conveyed to its audience, with attention to social context and questions of orality, literacy, and textualization. The pioneering form critics of the New Testament, Martin Dibelius, Karl Ludwig Schmidt and Rudolf Bultmann, presupposed the understanding of orality characteristic of the study of folklore in the nineteenth century. The work of Ruth Finnegan and Jan Vansina implies that a model of co-existence and interaction fits the Hellenistic and the early Roman imperial cultures better than the thesis that an oral phase was followed by a textual phase. Further, Vansina has shown that the only marked difference between oral and written compositions is that repetition is more common in oral texts. The rhetorical exigence that led the Evangelist to write chapter 13, was the appearance of messianic pretenders during the first Jewish War with Rome.

Keywords: Evangelist; Mark 13



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