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Monarchy Vs. Priesthood: Josephus, Justus Of Tiberias, And Agrippa II

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explains the possibility of competing models of Judean authority proposed by first century historians, Josephus, Justus of Tiberias, and Agrippa II, and how this is played out in the relations between Justus, Josephus and Agrippa II. A narrative constructed around Judean kings, with Moses as the first and Agrippa II as the last, using biblical texts, and perhaps both Judean and non-Judean sources in support of particular kings or monarchic rule, would provide a divergent view from Josephus vision of Judean history. In such a work, there might even have been room for a critique of the Judean priesthood, and their negative role in Judean history, and maybe in particular their relationship with Agrippa II and Rome. Josephus renounced autocratic forms of government, and in particular, monarchy, drawing on a biblical tradition of resistance to monarchy and perhaps also influenced by the ideals of an aristocratic Roman audience.

Keywords: Agrippa II; Josephus; Judean history; Judean monarchy; Judean priesthood; Justus of Tiberias



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