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Archipelagic Sea Lanes Passage Designation: The Indonesian Experience

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Chapter Summary

This chapter describes Indonesia's experience in designating its archipelagic sea lane (ASL) passages, how other archipelagic States may learn from the process, and the latest developments that may necessitate a review of those existing ASL passages. The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) has been regarded as a constitution of the sea that strikes a balance between the interests of coastal States and the international community. Part of this delicate balance is the recognition that the waters among the islands of archipelagic States that previously were international waters now fall within the sovereignty of the archipelagic State with a balance that the relevant archipelagic State shall guarantee freedom of navigation through its archipelagic waters. Indonesia, being the largest archipelagic State in the world, has designated major archipelagic sea lanes passages which were all encapsulated in the Government Regulation No. 37/2002.

Keywords: archipelagic sea lane (ASL) passages; archipelagic waters; coastal States; freedom of navigation; Indonesia's experience; international community; UNCLOS



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