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Vessel Source Pollution And Protection Of The Marine Environment

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Chapter Summary

The pollution of water has a serious impact on all living creatures and can negatively affect the use of water for drinking, household needs, recreation, fishing, transportation, and commerce. Routine and deliberate vessel pollution has been estimated to cause as much as eight times the amount of oil pollution each year as catastrophic spills like the M/T Exxon Valdez oil casualty. Various international agreements establish a comprehensive framework for cooperation among nations in responding to significant pollution incidents. Among the most important treaties for protection of the marine environment are the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), and the London Convention. More than 95 percent of the world's shipping tonnage is regulated under the flags of parties to MARPOL.

Keywords: London Convention; marine environment; MARPOL; UNCLOS; vessel pollution; world's shipping tonnage



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