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Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas And The Law Of The Sea

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Chapter Summary

The international community has developed several concepts that provide special status and enhanced regulation for environmental protection throughout large areas of the high seas and exclusive economic zones. These concepts include "special areas" under the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78), High Seas Marine Protected Areas (HSMPAs) and the nascent concept of Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs). Since the advent of the first Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in 1990, PSSAs have become ubiquitous. Any IMO member government may propose a PSSA for any area of the marine environment it considers in need of special protection because of the area's significance due to ecological, socio-economic or scientific attributes.

Keywords: High Seas Marine Protected Areas (HSMPAs); international community; international maritime organization (IMO); large marine ecosystems (LMEs); Law of the Sea; MARPOL; particularly sensitive sea area (PSSA)



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