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An Introduction To The Regime Of Passage Through Straits Used For International Navigation And Through Archipelagic Waters

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Chapter Summary

An agreement on regimes relating to navigation and overflight through and over maritime areas falling under national jurisdiction of states was an indispensable condition for the adoption of a widely acceptable Convention on the Law of the Sea at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. A resolution of the passage regimes applicable to the territorial sea in general and in straits used for international navigation, as well as passage through archipelagic waters, in particular, through the archipelagic sea lanes, made it possible for the Conference to reach agreement on 12 nautical miles as the maximum breadth of the territorial sea and on the provisions concerning the Exclusive Economic Zone. The regime for passage through archipelagic sea lanes is similar to the regime of transit passage in straits used for international navigation contained in Part III.

Keywords: archipelagic sea lanes; archipelagic waters; exclusive economic zone; international navigation; passage regimes; straits; territorial sea; third United Nations conference



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